A soon to be section giving seasonal advice.
Below is a diagram of proper crowning and pruning. Notice the before and after of each image. Diagram provided by: TreesAreGood.org (link in sidebar)
Cleaning – Selective pruning to remove one or more of the following parts: dead, diseased, deformed and/or broken branches.
Thinning – Selective pruning to reduce density of live branches, usually done by removing the entire branch.
Raising – Selective pruning to provide vertical clearance.
Reduction – Selective pruning to decrease height and/or spread by removing specified branches.
Restoring – Selective pruning to improve the structure, form, and appearance of trees that have been severely headed, vandalized or damaged.
1. The first cut is going to be a shallow cut underneath the branch and outside of the collar. 2. The second should be a complete cut outside of the first leaving a small nub. 3. The third and final cut will be just outside of the branch collar as shown in the image above.More
The reason we use the three-step cut is to prevent the peeling of bark while pruning a tree. Without this style, the branches weight would pull downward during the top cut, causing the bark to peel back towards the tree. This can cause more damage and prevent the tree from healing properly. By making the bottom cut, the brach breaks free before it has a chance to peel. Photo provided by: TreeCology-mn.com (link in sidebar)