Tree Care

Proper Tree Pruning

Below is a diagram of proper crowning and pruning. Notice the before and after of each image. Diagram provided by: TreesAreGood.org (link in sidebar)

Pruning

Cleaning – Selective pruning to remove one or more of the following parts: dead, diseased, deformed and/or broken branches.

Thinning – Selective pruning to reduce density of live branches, usually done by removing the entire branch.

Raising – Selective pruning to provide vertical clearance.

Reduction – Selective pruning to decrease height and/or spread by removing specified branches.

Restoring – Selective pruning to improve the structure, form, and appearance of trees that have been severely headed, vandalized or damaged.

The Three-Step Cut

1. The first cut is going to be a shallow cut underneath the branch and outside of the collar. 2. The second should be a complete cut outside of the first leaving a small nub. 3. The third and final cut will be just outside of the branch collar as shown in the image above.

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Why Do We Use It?

The reason we use the three-step cut is to prevent the peeling of bark while pruning a tree. Without this style, the branches weight would pull downward during the top cut, causing the bark to peel back towards the tree. This can cause more damage and prevent the tree from healing properly. By making the bottom cut, the brach breaks free before it has a chance to peel. Photo provided by: TreeCology-mn.com (link in sidebar)





Tree Injection

As an alternative to spraying or applying pesticides to the soil, "arborjet" is an effective and environmentally friendly way to protect your trees from insects and pests. Arborjet is applied by the "drill-plug-inject" method where the solution is injected into the trunk of the tree. The vascular system then absorbs and distributes the solution throughout the entire tree. Below are images of the process and solution we use.

The Solution

There are plenty of arborjet products. Solutions for different trees as well as nutrients to help the tree and its roots develop and strengthen. We use these solutions to make sure each tree we treat is well cared for and matures properly.
"At Arborjet, we combine our knowledge about tree physiology with strong formulation chemistries to deliver the fastest and most effective formulations available for systemic tree injection." - Arborjet (link in sidebar)

The Injection

Injection

The picture above is a portion of the injection process. Before the injection can begin, we must pre-drill holes and prime the solution and equipment for a successful injection. As stated to the left, there are many types of solutions. This requires there to be different types of injections as well. Each is thoroughly explained in the arborjet manual that comes with the equipment.

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The Emerald Ash Borer

Agrilus Planipennis

The Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) is a green beetle home to Asia and Eastern Russia. Outside of its natural home, the EAB is an invasive species and is very destructive to Ash Trees. Once infested, Ash trees die in 2-3 years. Photo provided by: Michigan State University - David Cappaert.

Size and Shape

The EAB eats the "cambium", a layer of delicate tissue between the inner bark (phloem) and wood (xylem), of the tree causing the top to die out first. The EAB usually enters the tree through the canopy leaving "D" shaped holes that are barely noticeable.

Take Action!

Heres a few steps you can take to help prevent the infestation of the EAB:
-Remove dead or unhealthy ash
-Treat healthy Ash trees
-Call a professional to help decide the next step
-Replace removed ash trees with a different type